Mass Media and Free Press in Eritrea
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05-25-2007, 06:49 PM


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Join Date: Dec 2002

Posts: 514

This is hilarious.

Eritrean politics and the way it works:

Once up on a time there was this new "front" named EPRF. This EPRF as a front has never publicized itself. Eritrean people don't know where it is based. It is not clear whether it has leadership let alone members. Occassionally, it writes press release to assure us that it exists. The owner of EPRF then came up with a smart idea. He came to forum as "yafiet" and made friends including Alem Goitom. Yafiet suggested to Alem to ask "historical" questions on the occasions of May 24. The idea is to create havoc among the opposition and survive in the chaos and get attention. Alem , true to his objectives, listened and published an editorial and "historical" questions.
"Yafiet" gave a three page response in the name of EPRF within two days.

Wait a minute! How can Alem expect Opposition groups to answer his "historical" questions while he has refused to answer two simple questions:

1.Why did Alem refuse to publish a letter by the EDP dissent group?
2. Why Alem doesn't publish all letters, articles, press release and other materials submitted by all Opposition groups and individuals?!

His "historical" questions will not be condisdered genuine until he answers the above two simple questions.

Last edited by Gemel : 05-25-2007 at 06:59 PM.


Defamation, libel and slander

Generally speaking:

Defamation is the issuance of a false statement about another person, which causes that person to suffer harm.

Slander involves the making of defamatory statements by a transitory (non-fixed) representation, usually an oral (spoken) representation.

Libel involves the making of defamatory statements in a fixed or medium, such as a magazine, newspaper or material published on the Internet.

The typical elements of a cause of action for defamation are:

  1. A false and defamatory statement concerning another;
  2. The unprivileged publication of the statement to a third party;
  3. If the defamatory matter is of public concern, fault amounting at least to negligence on the part of the publisher; and
  4. Damage to the plaintiff.

Within the context of defamation law, a statement is considered to have been "published" when it is made to a third party, meaning somebody other than the plaintiff in the malpractice action. The reference to "publication" refers to this communication to a third party, regardless of the means of communication, and does not mean that the defamatory statement has to be in print.

Damages in defamation actions are typically to the reputation of the plaintiff. Depending upon the laws of the jurisdiction, a plaintiff may be able to sustain a defamation action on the basis of mental anguish, even in the absence of any other claim of harm or damage.

While actions for defamation arose from common law traditions, most jurisdictions have passed statutes which modify the common law definitions of defamation, libel and slander. These statutes may change the elements of the cause of action, limit the circumstances under which an action may be filed, or modify the available defenses to an action for defamation. Some statutes even require that the defendant be given the opportunity to apologize before the plaintiff can seek non-economic damages.

Who is able to be sued and liable?

Defamation action may be brought, not only against the original publisher (writer/speaker), but also against anyone who takes part in the publication or re-publication of the material. Furthermore, re-publication by someone other than the original writer may result in an action against the original writer as well as the re-publisher.

In relation to defamatory material published on the Internet:

  1. Internet users may be sued in relation to material they write/publish themselves, or if they re-publish/distribute material written by someone else. They may also be sued if another person publishes something they wrote, for example, an email published without the writer's permission on a web site.
  2. Internet Service Providers (ISP) and Internet Content Hosts (ICH) may be sued in relation to information published by someone else, for example, published by a person who used an ISP's or ICH's system, web server, chat boards, etc, to make information available via the Internet.


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